|Farmers perceived higher prices||Islam & Grönlund 2009, Lokanathan et al 2011|
|Evidence of increased bargaining power||Courtois & Subervie 2014, NYU CTED 2013, Nakasone 2013|
|Price increases for some crops but not others||Nakasone 2013, NYU CTED 2013, Courtois & Subervie 2014|
|No observed effect on prices||Camacho & Conover 2010, Fafchamps & Minten 2012|
|No observed change in marketing behaviors||Baumüller 2015, Islam & Grönlund 2010, Lokanathan et al 2011|
"...our informants consistently disclaimed any practice of acquiring market price information for the purpose of comparison between markets (by phone or other means)..."
— Burrell and Oreglia 2015
Q: If you sell the same agent every time, then why do you bother to check prices?A: Well when the prices are good then I'm happy, and when the prices are bad then I'm sad!
"We negotiate with farm-gate traders based on the previous day’s market rates. We offer 2 rupees above yesterday’s rate, and then the traders negotiate it down to 1 rupee above yesterday’s rate"(see paper for greater depth)
”the traders from [far-off] Ara market are coming here now, so there is no point in going to Ara market anymore.”
“I never take any decision on prices. When my volume is low I go to Dumri market, when it’s high I go to Nayabhojpur market."(details in paper)
All goes wrong if you keep switching agents.
I couldn't manage with everything; I'm growing old.
"Twenty to twenty five farmers call me every day... we never discuss quantities, only prices."
“Before having mobile phones, traders had better margins because not many people had price information. Now everybody knows the prices.”
“Now after mobile phones, prices have become more stable and balanced between markets.”
In some cases:
"When the market starts, [I find] out the rates everyday. I go wherever the rate is good."
“I never take any decision on prices. When my volume is low I go to Dumri market, when it’s high I go to Nayabhojpur market."Volume varies by season
"Let’s say I have 2 quintal of tomatoes, and if I get to know someone else has 5 quintal then I know that the rate for tomatoes is going to drop."
“All goes wrong if you keep switching commission agents.”
“I couldn't manage with everything; I'm growing old.”